Highly skilled geneticists have replaced the individual farmer in the reproduction
chickens and turkeys.
Large breeding farms employ staff geneticists to assist in and direct their breeding
programs, which include bird selection through advanced blood typing methods as
the computerized compilation and analysis of records.
Today's large, nationwide hatchery corporations employ numerous geneticists -- as
managers, salesmen and servicemen -- to insure that they are producing top quality
Time and research have proven that the biology and principles of incubation are
important as the mechanics of an incubator.
The thrill of new discoveries awaits those young people with an interest in the
Amazing progress has been made in past years, but more is yet to come in the
reproduction of chickens and turkeys.
Training should include a background in basic poultry science with specialization
genetics. Added opportunities exist for those who combine these talents with the
phases of hatchery management.
Disease control is vitally important in the highly competitive poultry industry,
growth and intensified production demand that disease losses be held to a minimum.
Though some disease problems have been solved, and others are partly solved,
considerable more research is needed. This affords college graduates wide latitude
personal choice and broad opportunities to express personal talents in specialized
The combined research of bacteriologists, pathologists, serologists and others are
by large pharmaceutical companies to develop the vaccines, drugs, and feed additives
solve these complex disease problems.
Pharmaceutical firms also need trained young people in sales, service and
communications. The efforts of scientists would be wasted without this vital link
Training for the pharmaceutical field generally requires undergraduate study, and
-- in some
cases -- graduate work leading toward a doctorate degree in veterinary medicine
specifically related fields.
Experts predict that the well-fed hen, or turkey, or broiler receives a more scientifically
balanced diet throughout life than do most humans. And, as the industry becomes
advanced, nutritionists are challenged more and more to discover new combinations
feed ingredients to meet the producer's needs.
Their job does not end with merely finding new scientific nutritional facts, however.
must also help discover the most economical source of ingredients and assist in
these ingredients into skillfully balanced feed formulas.
There are equally fine opportunities for young people in sales, service and management
among the highly competitive feed companies. These large concerns must also give
producer service and provide him with information on management techniques in addition
to selling feed.
A nutritionist's training generally requires advanced degree work, while the sales
service field requires a knowledge of technological subjects in addition to business
Through the efforts of agriculturally-oriented engineers, the poultry industry is
advanced toward complete automation than any other livestock enterprise. Yet, more
to be done.
Young men and women are needed to design and build the automated poultry equipment
of tomorrow, and still other engineers are needed to supervise actual construction.
these people are primarily engineers, they must have a basic knowledge of the product
its ultimate use.
Excellent opportunities also exist in the sales and service fields. Large manufacturers
poultry equipment are constantly seeking young persons with a combined knowledge
poultry technology, sales ability and mechanical aptitude to sell and service their
Training for these areas should include mechanics, electricity, design and general
agricultural engineering, as well as some back-ground in poultry science and business.
To be successful, young people should obtain a college education to properly prepare
themselves for coping with the complexity of modern poultry production.
Such success requires that a producer have a firm foundation in technological husbandry
– including genetics, nutrition, disease control, business principles, equipment
many other aspects of commercial enterprises. A knowledge of the marketing chain
the economics associated with marketing are necessary.
A very large investment is required for starting the operational ownership of a
turkey ranch large enough to provide economic stability. This is a major problem
people to overcome, but it IS being done!
The industry trend to specialization and integrated units has increased the demand
trained farm managers who can solve production problems, direct employees and
supervise business operations. These farm managers often acquire ownership, thus
providing young people with another avenue to eventual self-employment.
FOOD SCIENCE & PROCESSING
The future growth of the poultry industry is closely associated with advancements
manufacturing technology. There is a large demand for well trained poultry food
with this capability. Managerial skills are a major asset due to the interrelationships
management of individuals in the processing and further-processing plants.
This type of career offers the potential for rapid career advancement for the poultry
graduate. It requires a strong science background which provides ample opportunities
advanced graduate study and career enhancement.
Agribusiness is the supplying of producers with the services and materials necessary
production, including the processing and marketing of products to meet the consumer's
Commercial banks and other finance institutions, including accounting firms, need
agricultural representatives in major poultry areas to assist producers with management
Increased emphasis is being placed upon packaging and merchandising farm products
private business, cooperatives, industry organizations and governmental agencies,
providing young men and women with many promising careers.
Likewise, the fields of mass communications and public relations offer many positions
college graduates with journalistic abilities and poultry knowledge -- young people
know the "language of agriculture" and can explain it in simple terms
to the general public.
Specialized training is necessary for these various fields as well as a solid background
both business and poultry science.
Poultry production operations, are increasing in volume to meet the demand of our
exploding population. Such technological advancement has increased the demand in
segments of the industry and allied fields for more trained individuals, creating
problem for the industry.
Challenges go with the problems, and many of the current problems will be solved
imaginative minds of young people who select careers in poultry science. Those who
meet these challenges creatively and productively, will find excellent opportunities
These positions are not "lack-luster" jobs; they include such career fields
as research, sales
and service, management, engineering, production and food science technology, business,
merchandising and public relations to name a few.
Salaries are equally attractive according to the employers. The average graduate
the commercial job market will find salaries better than most available in agriculture.
Nor are the fringe benefits forgotten. Paid vacations, profit sharing, bonus plans,
credit unions, stock purchase, housing, health services, medical land life insurance,
holidays and retirement are all listed among employee incentives.